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|Lieutenant Colonel Servesh Dhadwal and Colonel Amit Bisht||Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2020 by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports|
|P Valsala||Ezhuthachan Award 2021|
|Puneeth Rajkumar (Kannada actor)||Basavashree award 2021 by the Bruhanmutt|
|Priyanka Mohite||‘Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2020’|
|M Mukundan (Author)||2021 JCB prize for Literature, for his book titled ‘Delhi: A Soliloquy|
|Vihaan and Nav Agarwal (Delhi-based teenage brothers)||17th annual Kids Rights International Children’s Peace Prize for recycling household waste and tackling pollution|
|Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank (KVGB)||'Regional Rural Banks' category award by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM)|
|Beryl Thanga (Novelist)||12th Manipur State Award for Literature 2020 for his book titled ‘Ei Amadi Adungeigi Ithat’ (I and the then island)|
|Hema Malini (Actor and BJP leader) and Prasoon Joshi (Lyricist)||Indian Film Personality of the Year award at the International Film Festival of India 2021|
|Prakash Padukone (Indian Badminton Player)||Lifetime Achievement Award for 2021 by the Badminton World Federation (BWF) Council|
|Anita Desai (Author)||Tata Literature Live! Lifetime Achievement Award for 2021|
|Pratham NGO||Indira Gandhi Peace Prize 2021 for its contribution to promoting the scope of education in India|
|Dr. S K Sohan Roy||1st Indian to be honoured with the Knighthood of Parte Guelfa|
|Sascan Meditech||Pharma and Medical Device Startup India Grand Challenge 2021|
She worked as a nurse during the Second World War. Her goal was to educate students all over the world. It was the worst accident in the history of Europe. Bill Gates is best known for founding Microsoft. The Pilot was the first woman to cross that ocean alone. She grabbed a kettle and brought them water. Dec 04, 2021 How To Win In A Winner-take-all World Pdf Free Download 64 Bit Storylines edit The event featured eight professional wrestling matches with outcomes predetermined by WWF script writers. The matches featured wrestlers portraying their characters in planned storylines that took place before, during, and after the event.
|Dr. Rukmini Banerji||2021 Yidan Prize for Education Development for the work made by her in improving children’s learning|
|Prof. Eric A Hanushek||2021 Yidan Prize for Education Research for his work in enhancing educational outcomes and the importance of teaching quality|
|Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE)||Delhi-based environmental organisation and has won the 2021 Right Livelihood Award|
|Jeel Albena Association for Humanitarian Development||2021 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award|
|Shiv Nadar and Mallika Srinivasan||US India Business Council (USIBC) for the 2021 Global Leadership Award|
|B Gopal||4th Satyajit Ray Award for his contribution to Indian cinema|
|Benyamin||45th Vayalar Ramavarma Memorial Literary Award for his book ‘Manthalirile 20 Communist Varshangal’|
|Dr. G Satheesh Reddy (Chairman of DRDO)||Aryabhata Award by the Astronautical Society of India (ASI)|
|Dr. Randeep Guleria (Director of AIIMS)||22nd Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu|
|Satya Nadella (Microsoft CEO)||CK Prahlad award for Global Business Sustainability Leadership 2021|
|James Sangma||Progressive Business Concept Award of PETA India 2021 for his Vegan Leather initiative|
|The National Mineral Development Corporation Ltd||Gold Award in Environmental Sustainability Category|
|NMDC’s Kumaraswamy Iron Ore Mine||Platinum Award in the Environmental Management Category|
|Alexei Navalny||European Union’s top human rights prize, the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought for 2021 by the European Parliament|
|Kung Fu Nuns of the Drukpa order of Buddhism||UNESCO’s Martial Arts Education Prize 2021|
|Parambikulam Tiger Conservation Foundation||Earth Guardian Award instituted by the NatWest Group India|
|Martin Scorsese and Istvan Szabo (Legendary filmmakers)||Satyajit Ray Lifetime Achievement Award at the 52nd International Film Festival of India (IFFI) in Goa 2021|
|Rajinikanth||51st Dadasaheb Phalke Award at the 67th National Film Awards ceremony|
|Dr. Rajiv Nigam||2022 Joseph A. Cushman Award for Excellence in Foraminiferal Research|
|Tsitsi Dangarembga (Zimbabwean author and filmmaker)||Peace Prize of the German Book Trade 2021 for a ‘new Enlightenment’|
|Karnataka Bank||‘Top organization Innovative HR Practices’|
|TVS Motor Company||‘Outstanding Renewable Energy User’ at the India Green Energy Award 2020 by the Indian Federation of Green Energy (IFGE)|
|Alejandro Prieto||Bird Photographer of the Year (BPOTY) 2021 Award|
|Bird Photographer of the Year (BPOTY) 2021 Award||Association for Talent Development (ATD) 2021 Best Award|
|Dr. Basant Kumar Misra||International Lifetime Achievement Award in Neurosurgery by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)|
|Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd (SJVN)||Dun & Bradstreet Corporate Award 2021 under the category of Best Growth Performance Power|
|Shailendra Singh (Indian Biologist)||Behler Turtle Conservation Award|
|Namita Gokhale (Writer)||7th Yamin Hazarika Woman of Substance Award|
|Golden Rock Railway Workshop (GOC), Tiruchchirappalli||22nd National Award for Excellence in Energy Management from CII|
|International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)||2021 Africa Food Prize for improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa|
|Anand Kumar (Mathematician)||Swami Brahmanand Award 2021|
|National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)||UNESCO King Sejong Literacy Prize 2021|
|Bhanumati Gheewala (Nurse from Sir Sayajirao General Hospital, Gujarat)||Florence Nightingale Award|
|Brigadier SV Sarasvati||National Florence Nightingale Award 2020|
|Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka||‘Global Goals Awards’ 2021 of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation|
|Fairooz Faizah Beether (Bangladesh)||2021 Changemaker Award|
|Government e-Marketplace (GeM)||CIPS Excellence in Procurement Awards for 2021 under the category of ‘Best Use of Digital Technology’|
|510MW Teesta V Power Station of Sikkim (owned by NHPC Limited)||2021 IHA Blue Planet Prize for excellence in sustainable hydropower development|
|Asha Bhosle||Maharashtra Bhushan Award 2021|
|Anand Radhakrishnan||Will Eisner Comic Industry Award as ‘Best Painter/Multimedia Artist (interior art)’|
|Dr Cyrus Poonawalla||Lokmanya Tilak National Award for 2021|
|Kasturba Hospital, Manipal||‘IMC RBNQ Efficiency Excellence Trophy 2020’|
|Jagdish Bhagwati and C Rangarajan||Prof CR Rao Centenary Gold Medal (CGM)|
|SoftWorthy||National Science Foundation Innovation-Corps (NSF I-Corps) Teams Award in the US|
|Mohammad Azam||National Youth Award by the Union Youth Affairs and Sports Minister Anurag Singh Thakur|
|‘Decoding Shankar’||Best Film Award in the Documentary section (Best Biographical)|
|Dr Rajendra Kishore Panda||Kuvempu Rashtriya Puraskar|
|Invest India||Investment Promotion Agency 2021 award by OCO Global|
|Korean Air||‘Air Transport World’s (ATW) 2021 Airline of the Year’|
|Kaushik Basu||Humboldt Research Award in Economics|
|N N Pillai||Bahrain Keraleeya Samajam (BKS)’s Literary Award for 2021|
|Muhammad Yunus||Olympic Laurel at the Tokyo Games|
|Director Payal Kapadia’s, ‘A Night of Knowing Nothing’||Oeil d'Or (Golden Eye) award for best documentary at the 74th Cannes Film Festival|
|Vice Admiral Vinay Badhwar||Alexander Dalrymple award by the British Government for his work in hydrography and nautical cartography|
|Edible Routes Private Limited, Oorja Development Solutions India and Taru Naturals||UN Food Systems Summit Competition called ‘Best Small Business: Good Food for All’|
|Satpura Tiger Reserve||Natwest Group Earth Heroes Award 2021 in the category of Earth Guardian for its best management role|
|Valeria Luiselli||International Dublin Literary Award 2021 for her novel ‘Lost Children Archive’|
|Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan||‘WHO Director-General Special Recognition Award’|
|Nitin Rakesh and Jerry Wind||International Business Book of the Year Award 2021|
|David Diop||International Booker Prize 2021 for ‘At Night All Blood Is Black’|
|Thomas Vijayan||2021 Nature TTL Photography Awards for his photo of an Orangutan clinging to a tree|
|GMR Hyderabad International Airport Ltd (GHIAL)||‘Gold Recognition’ award from ACI (Airport Council International) Asia-Pacific Green Airports Recognition 2021|
|Prof. Shailesh Ganpule||'NSG Counter-IED & Counter-Terrorism Innovator Award 2021'|
|Familial Forestry||Land for Life Award by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)|
|Larsen & Toubro Infotech||Global Innovation Partner of the Year by Snowflake|
|KK Shaileja||Central European University’s highest award of Open Society Prize 2021 for her work in public health services|
|NTPC||India’s Best Employers among Nation Builders 2021|
|Cochin International Airport (CIAL)||Airport Council International (ACI) Director General’s Roll of Excellence|
|Delhi Metro||'Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement Award' for 2020|
|RK Sabharwal||‘The Order of Polar Star’|
|P Sainath||Japan’s Fukuoka Grand Prize 2021|
|Shyamala Ganesh||“Order of Rising Sun” by the Japanese Government|
|Maria Ressa (Rapple’s CEO)||2021 laureate of UNESCO /Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize|
|Pink (Singer)||Icon Award at the 2021 Billboard Music Awards|
|Justice Gita Mitta||Arline Pacht Global Vision Award 2021|
|Babar Azam (Pakistan)||ICC Men’s Player of the Month for April 2021|
|Alyssa Healy (Australia)||ICC Women’s Player of the Month for April 2021|
|Dr Tahera Qutbuddin||1st Indian to win the 15th Sheikh Zayed Book Award|
|Anupam Kher||Best Actor Award for his performance in a short film named ‘Happy Birthday’ at New York City International Film Festival|
|IREDA (Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency)||‘Green Urja Award’ by the Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC)|
|Dr. Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted||2021 World Food Prize for her work in developing holistic, nutrition-sensitive approaches to aquaculture and food systems|
|Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank (Union Education Minister)||International Invincible Gold Medal 2021|
|Baljeet Kaur (Himachal Pradesh) and Gunbala Sharma (Rajasthan)||1st Women Mountaineers to summit Mount Pumori in Nepal|
|Prof. Shankar Balasubramanian and Prof. David Klenerman||2020 Millennium Technology Prize for developing revolutionary DNA sequencing techniques namely, Next Generation DNA Sequencing (NGS)|
|Suresh Mukund||10th Annual World Choreography Award 2020|
|Jane Goodall||Templeton Prize 2021|
|Hockey India||Prestigious Etienne Glichitch Award|
|Max Verstappen||Monaco Grand Prix 2021|
|SpiceHealth||Gold Award at 2021 Asia-Pacific Stevie Awards for ‘Most Valuable Medical Innovation’ under COVID-19|
|Krishi Avam Paristhitiki Vikas Sansthan (KRAPAVIS)||Prestigious India Biodiversity Awards 2021 under the category ‘Sustainable Use of Biological Resources.’|
|VK Pandian||President’s award by International Hockey Federation for his contribution to promoting Hockey in Odisha|
|Bharat Ratna Professor C.N.R. Rao||International ENI Award 2020 for his research in renewable energy sources and energy storage|
|Amartya Kumar Sen||Spain’s top Princess of Asturias Award in the social sciences category, the Spanish prize foundation|
|Padma Bhushan Dr D Nageshwar Reddy||Rudolf V Schindler Award from the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE)|
|Robert Lewandowski||European Golden Boot|
|Dr Sharankumar Limbale||Saraswati Samman 2020|
|Maggie O’Farrell’s ‘Hamnet’||National Book Critics Circle Prize|
|Rajinikanth||51st Dadasaheb Phalke Award|
|Biswabhushan Harichandan (Governor of Andhra Pradesh)||Kalinga Ratna Samman 2021|
|Aniyan Midhun||South Asian Wushu Championship|
|Prof. Suman Chakraborty||30th GD Birla Award for Scientific Research|
|Alfred V. Aho and Jeffrey David Ullman||2020 Association for Computing Machinery A.M. Turing Award|
|Guneet Monga (Filmmaker)||Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters, the second-highest civilian French honour|
|Yusuff Ali M. A||Abu Dhabi’s Top Civilian Award|
|Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)||National Award for Innovation Training Practices 2019-2020|
|Kane Williamson (New Zealand cricket player)||SirRichard Hadlee Medal|
|‘Puglya’ (Name of Marathi Film)||Best Foreign Language Feature Award at Moscow International Film Festival 2021|
|Roberto Benigni||78th Venice International Film Festival|
|Aditya Birla Group’s Birla Cellulose Limited||UN’s National Innovative and Sustainable Supply Chain Award|
|Rumana Sehgal||Nelson Mandela World Humanitarian Award 2021 by the Diplomatic Mission Global Peace|
|Dr Krithi K Karanth||‘Wild Innovator Award’ by Wild Elements Foundation|
|IIT Kharagpur||CoreNet Global Academic Challenge 6.0|
|ESAF Small Finance Bank||‘Great Place to Work’ by the Great Place to Work Institute|
|Carmen Maria Machado||Rathbones Folio Prize 2021 for her book titles as ‘ In the Dream House: A Memoir’|
|HDFC Bank||‘India’s Best Bank for SME’s’ at the Asiamoney Best Bank Awards|
|The Hindu Group||South Asian Digital Media Awards by WAN IFRA (World Association of News Publishers), being named as ‘Champion Publisher of the Year’|
|Amitabh Bachchan||2021 Film Archive Award by The International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF)|
|Mahamadou Issoufou (President of Niger)||2020 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership|
|Ravichandran Ashwin (India)||ICC Men’s Player of the Month for February 2021|
|Tammy Beaumont (England)||ICC Women’s Player of the Month for February 2021|
|Koneru Humpy (Indian Chess Player)||BBC Indian Sportswoman of the year award|
|Anju Bobby George (Indian Athlete)||BBC Lifetime Achievement award|
|Manu Bhaker (Indian Shooter)||BBC Emerging Player-of-the-Year award|
|Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR)||King Bhumibol World Soil Day 2020 Award by Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)|
|Gowsalya Shankar||International Woman of Courage Award 2021|
|Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal||Pritzker Architecture Prize 2021|
|NTPC Ltd||'Role Model' Award’ at the 11th CII National HR Excellence Awards 2020-21|
|For 2019 Late Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said of Oman||Gandhi Peace Prize|
|For 2020 Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman||Gandhi Peace Prize|
|Prof. Sharad Pagare||Vyas Samman 2020|
|Asha Bhosle||Maharashtra Bhushan Award 2020|
|IIT Kharagpur||CoreNet Global Academic Challenge 6.0|
|ESAF Small Finance Bank||‘Great Place to Work’ by the Great Place to Work Institute|
|Carmen Maria Machado||Rathbones Folio Prize 2021 for her book titles as ‘ In the Dream House: A Memoir’|
|HDFC Bank||‘India’s Best Bank for SME’s’ at the Asiamoney Best Bank Awards|
|AR Rahman (Music Composer) and Saidapet Hari Krishnan (Social Activist)||4th edition of Alert Being Icon Awards|
|Robert Irwin||1st prize in Wildlife Photographer of the Year People’s Choice Award Contest|
|‘Koozhangal’||50th International Film Festival Rotterdam 2021|
|Bangalore International Airport Limited’s (Kempegowda International Airport Bengaluru)||Airports Council International World’s ‘Voice of the Customer’ award|
|Dr Shobhna Kapoor, Dr Antara Banerjee, Dr Sonu Gandhi and Dr Ritu Gupta||Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) Women Excellence Award 2021|
|S. Theodore Baskaran||Sanctuary Lifetime Service Award 2020 by Sanctuary Nature Foundation|
|YS Jagan Mohan Reddy||Skoch Chief Minister of the Year Award|
|Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB)||5th Asia Environmental Enforcement Award 2020 under the Innovation category by UNEP|
|Manasa Varanasi||VLCC Femina Miss India World 2020|
|Union Bank of India||‘Best Service Provider’ in HR and ‘Best Institution’ for ‘Excellence in Learning and Development’ at the 29th Global HRD Congress Awards|
|Anjali Bharadwaj||International Anti-Corruption Champions Award|
|PM Narendra Modi||‘CERA Week Global Energy and Environment Leadership Award’|
|V K Yadav||‘Eminent Engineer Award for the Year 2020’|
|Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank||Sahitya Gaurav Samman 2021|
|Pandit Satish Vyas||96th Tansen Music Festival, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh|
|Anhinav Kala Parishad||96th Tansen Music Festival, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh|
|Dr Raghu Ram Pillarisetti||Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in Queen Elizabeth II’s 2021 New Year’s Honours List|
|Ministry of Tribal Affairs||SKOCH Challenger Award for Best performance in e-governance category|
|Ministry of Panchayati Raj||SKOCH Challenger Award for Best performance in e-governance category|
|AIIMS Bhubaneswar||Kayakalp Award|
|Biswajit Chatterjee||‘Indian Personality of the Year’ award at IFFI|
|Nikhil Srivastava||2021 Michael and Sheila Held Prize|
|Dr Rajendra Kumar Bhandari||Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar 2021|
|Ram Temple Tableau of Uttar Pradesh||First prize in Republic Day 2021|
|Meghalaya||National Award for Best Electoral Practices 2020|
|Ranjitsinh Disale||2020 Global Teacher Prize|
|Adar Poonawalla||‘The Straits Times Asian of the Year 2020’|
|Mondo Duplantis (Sweden, Pole Valuter)||Male World Athletes of the Year 2020|
|Yulimar Rojas (Venezuela, triple jumper)||Female World Athletes of the Year 2020|
|Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)||International King Bhumibol World Soil Day Award for 2020|
|Invest India||2020 UN Investment Promotion Award by UNCTAD|
|Dr Carolina Araujo||2020 Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematics|
|Joe Biden and Kamala Harris||Time Magazine’s Person of the Year|
|Ashraf Patel||Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award –India 2020|
|Paul Sein Twa||Goldman Environmental Prize 2020 by IUCN|
|Robert Lewandowski (Poland)||Best FIFA Men’s Player 2020|
|Lucy Bronze (England)||Best FIFA Women’s Player 2020|
|Ratan Tata||ASSOCHAM Enterprise of the Century Award|
|Ratan Tata||Global Visionary of Sustainable Business and Peace award|
|K. Veeramani||Dr Narendra Dabholkar Memorial Award|
|Hemant Kumar Pandey||DRDO’s ‘Scientist of the Year Award’|
|Dr Dinesh Katre||Emmett Leahy Award 2020|
|Paul Zacharia||Ezhuthachan Puraskaram 2020|
|Hariharan||JC Daniel Award for lifetime contribution to Malayalam Cinema|
|S Hareesh||JCB Prize in Literature for 2020|
|Azim Premji||Edelgive Hurun India Philanthropy List 2020|
|Ruskin Bond||Tata Literature Live Lifetime Achievement Award 2020|
|Dr K S Subramanian||Fertiliser Association of India (FAI) Golden Jubilee|
|Sadat Rahman||International Children’s Peace Prize 2020|
|Douglas Stuart||2020 Booker Prize for Fiction|
|Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank||Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Naseeruddin Shah||2020 Aditya Vikram Birla Kala Shikhar Puraskar|
|Neel Choudhary and Irawati Karnik||2020 Aditya Vikram Birla Kalakiran Puraskar|
|Dr Bish Agrawal||2020 AESC (Association of Executive Search and Leadership Consultants) lifetime Achievement Award 2020|
|Sanjay Singh||‘2020 Gandhi Award’|
|Ratan Tata||IACC (Indo-American Chamber of Commerce) lifetime and Global Excellence Award|
|Ales Bialiatsli (Belarus), Nasrin Sotoudeh (Iran), Bryan Stevenson (US) and Lottie Cunningham Wren (Nicaragua)||Right Livelihood Award 2020|
|Nityanand Nayak (Odia Poet)||Sarala Puraskar|
|Bank of Ghana||Central Bank of the Year Award 2020|
|Mark Carney||Governor of the year at Central Bank of the Year Award 2020|
|Aishwarya Sridhar||2020 Wildlife Photographer of the Year Award|
|Seema Gupta||17th annual Stevie Award for Women in Business|
|Dr Jajini Varghese||‘Outstanding Young Person of the World 2020’|
|Global Himalayan Expedition (GHE) of India||2020 UN Global Climate Action Award|
|Dr Satish Mishra||‘Dr. Tulsi Das Chugh Award 2020’ by National Academy of Medical Sciences|
|Late Actor Om Puri||Lifetime Achievement Award 2020 at 3rd India International Film Festival of Boston|
|Chef Vikas Khanna||‘Pride of India’, a special award at 3rd India International Film Festival of Boston|
|Hyderabad International Airport or GMR led Rajiv Gandhi International Airport||‘National Energy Leader’ and ‘Excellent Energy Efficient Unit’ Awards at National Award for ‘Excellence in Energy Management’|
|Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd (Vizag Steel Plant)||‘Excellent Energy Efficient Unit’ award by Confederation of Indian industry and Godrej Green Business Centre|
|Aditya Puri||Lifetime Achievement Awards by Euromoney Awards for Excellence 2020|
|Chef Vikas Khanna||Asia Game Changer Award 2020|
|Margaret Atwood||2020 Dayton Literacy Peace Prize’s Lifetime Achievement|
|Prime Minister Narendra Modi||Ig Noble Prize 2020 for Medical Education|
|Gurpreet Singh Sandhu (Goalkeeper)||All India Football Federations Men’s Footballer of the Year 2019-20|
|Sanju Yadav (Midfielder)||All India Football Federations Women’s Footballer of the Year 2019-20|
|Usha Mangeshkar||Gan Samragni Lata Mangeshkar Award 2020-21|
|Sonu Sood||SDG Special Humanitarian Action Award|
|Nitin Sethi and Shiv Sahay Singh||Asian College of Journalism’s (ACJ) Award 2019|
|Wing Commander Gajanand Yadava||‘Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2019|
|Army Sports Institute, Pune||Rashtritya Khel Protsahan Puraskar 2020|
|Marieke Lucas Rijneveld||International Booker Prize 2020 for her debut novel ‘The Discomfort of Evening'|
|Sudha Painuli||National Award to Teachers 2020|
|Neelakantha Bhanu Prakash Jonnalagadda||First Gold Medal for India in Mental Calculations World Cup (MCWC)|
|C Rangarajan||P C Mahalanobis Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Siddhartha Mukherjee and Raj Chetty||Carnegie Corporation of New York’s 2020 list of ‘Great Immigrants’|
|Freya Thakral||2020 Diana Award|
|Kritika Pandey||Overall Winner of the 2020 Commonwealth Short Story Prize|
|Lt Col Bharat Pannu||Virtual Race Across America (VRAAM) 2020|
|Ratnakar Matkari||Natvarya Prabhakar Panshikar Award|
|International Olympic Committee||EU Green Building Award 2020|
|NTPC Ltd||CII-ITC Sustainability Award 2019|
|Kezang D Thongdok||2020 Dada Saheb Phalke Award|
|Institute for Human Development (IHD)||‘Development Marketplace Award 2020:Innovations to Address Gender-Based Violence’|
|K Sivan||Von Karman Award 2020 by International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)|
|Hockey Player Gurubux Singh and Cricketer Palash Nandi||Mohun Bagan Ratna Award|
|Chhattisgarh CM Darpan website and mobile app||Elites Excellence Award 2020|
|N Chandrasekaran and Jim Taiclet||US-India Business Council (USIBC) Global Leadership Award 2020|
|Ved Prakash Dudeja||‘Infra Business Leader of the year 2020 award by Rail Infra and Mobility Digital Award (RIMBDA)’|
|Sachin Awasthi||Global Humanitarian Award 2020|
|Shahidul Alam (Bangladesh), Mohammad Mosaed (Iran), Dapo Olorunyomi (Nigeria) and Svetlana Prokopyeva (Russia)||CPJ (Committee to Protect Journalists) International Press Freedom Award 2020|
|Kate Winslet||2020 Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) Tribute Actor Award|
|Guinean doctor Morissana Kouyate and Marianna Vardinoyannis from Greece||Nelson Mandella Prize 2020|
|Arnab Chaudhuri||‘Legend of Animation’|
|Greta Thunberg||Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity|
|Kala Naryanasamy||President’s Award for Nurse in Singapore|
|Aditya||Gustave Trouve Award for Excellence in Electric Boats and Boating|
|Jamie Vardy||Premier League Golden Boot Football Award|
|Sunil YDV SS||‘Karamveer Chakra Award’|
|Kiran Mazumdar Shaw||EY World Entrepreneur of the Year 2020|
|Javed Akhtar||Richard Dawkins Award 2020|
|Renjith Kumar||‘NASA Distinguished Service Medal’|
|Shobha Sekhar||Medal of the order of Australia (OAM)|
|Rattan Lal||World Food Prize 2020|
|Chef Angad Singh Rana||QualityNZ Culinary Cup 2020 in the category of Seafood challenge|
|Chef Vaibhav Bhargava||QualityNZ Culinary Cup 2020 in the category of Mutton/lamb challenge|
|Amrtya Sen||German Book Trade for 2020 Peace Prize|
|Gulabbai Sangamnerkar||Lifetime Achievement Award of Vithabai Naryangaokar|
|Popstar Beyonce||20th Annual BET Awards 2020|
|Kritika Pandey||Commonwealth Short Story Prize 2020|
|Deccan Development Society||Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation Award|
|Himachal Pradesh||e-Panchayat Puraskar-2020|
|Prof. Shobhana Narasimhan||American Academy of Arts and Sciences|
|Vaneeza Rupani||Naming NASA’s 1st Mars Helicopter|
|Arktika-M||Russia’s 1st Satellite to Monitor Arctic Climate|
|Saurabh Lodha||Young Career Award in Nano Science and Technology for the year 2020|
|Indian journalist Dar Yasin, Mukhtar Khan, and Channi Anand||2020 Pulitzer Prize in feature photography|
|Joseph J Landsberg, Richard H Waring, and Nicholas C Coops||Marcus Wallenberg Prize 2020|
|White Gold Technologies LLP, Mumbai||Startup India Animal Husbandry Grand Challenge Awards|
|Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore||SKYTRAX Award 2020 in the category of Best Regional Airport in India and Central Asia|
|Changi Airport of Singapore||SKYTRAX Award 2020 in the category of World’s Best Airport|
|Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Mumbai||Best airport staff in India and Central Asia category|
|Sania Mirza||Fed Cup Heart Award for Aisa/Oceania Zone|
|Anunta||VMware 2020 Regional Partner of the Year Award for the Services Excellence category|
|Lieutenant Commander Akshay Kumar||Vice Admiral G.M. Hiranandani Memorial Rolling Trophy for the year 2020|
|Suman Gawani||UN Military Gender Advocate of the Year 2019|
|Rajiv Joshi||NYIPLA “Inventor of the Year award” for the year 2020|
|Quarraisha Abdool Karim||Christophe Merieux Prize|
|‘Hero to Animals Award’ by PETA India||Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik|
|Chinese Virtual Grand Prix Championship||Charles Leclerc|
|Inclusion in The Medicine Maker Power List 20 For 2020||Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw|
|William E. Colby Award 2020||Adam Higginbotham|
|13th edition of the International Prize for Arabic Fiction (IPAF) in 2020||Novelist Abdelouahab Aissaoui|
|Wisden’s Leading Cricketer 2020 Men||England All-rounder Ben Stokes|
|Wisden’s Leading Cricketer 2020 Women||Ellyse Perry of Australia|
|Edison Award||Tata Power for campaign ‘Club Enerji #Switchoff2SwitchOn’|
|Forbes billionaires list “The Richest in 2020”||Jeff Bezos|
|1st Position for the Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana||Madhya Pradesh|
|1st Men's section Khelo India Ice Hockey tournament 2020||Ladakh Scouts Regimental Centre (LSRC) Red|
|2019 FIH Women's Rising Star of the Year||Lalremsiami|
|SERB Women Excellence Award-2020||Dr Niti Kumar|
|34th Cannes Open||D Gukesh|
|‘Central Banker of the Year 2020’ for the Asia-Pacific region||Shaktikanta Das|
|1st Mathrubhumi Book of the Year Award||Vinod Kumar Shukla|
|Lifetime Achievement Award by International Olympic Committee’s (IOC)||Pullela Gopichand|
|Dan David Prize 2020||Gita Sen|
|Miss Diva Universe 2020||Adline Castelino|
|National e-Governance Award||RailMadad|
|Laureus World Sportsman of the Year Award||Lewis Hamilton and Footballer Lionel Messi|
|Mystic Kalinga Literary Award||Manoj das|
|French honour for Theatre Artiste||Sanjana Kapoor|
|National Award for Implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana||South Salmara Mankachar of Assam|
|Swami Vivekananda Karmayogi Award 2020||Jadav Payeng|
|‘Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu National Award for Excellence’||Dr M S Swaminathan|
|‘Muppavarapu National Award for Social Service’||Dr Gutta Muniratnam|
|Polly Umrigar Award||Jasprit Bumrah|
|'World Games Athlete of the Year' Award||Rani Rampal|
|Global Bihar Excellence Award 2019||Piyush Jaiswal|
|Miss Teen International 2019||Aayushi Dholakia|
|Global Child Prodigy Award 2020||Indian girl Sucheta Satish & Indian Yoga Boy Ishwar Sharma|
|Costa Children’s Award 2019||Jasbinder Bilan|
|29th Saraswati Samman||Vasdev Mohi|
|“Merck Young Scientist Award 2019”||Sakya Singha Sen|
|Cisco Youth Leadership Award 2019||Priya Prakash|
|Kerala National Media Award||N. Ram|
|‘Harit Ratna Award 2019’||Dr N Kumar|
|1st Prize at the Republic Day Parade, 2020||Tableaux of Assam|
|Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.) by Calcutta University||Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee|
|2020 Tyler Prize||Pavan Sukhdev|
|Padma Shri award from Telangana||Farmer Chinthala Venkat Reddy|
|2020 Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar Award||Disaster Mitigation & Management Centre (DMMC)|
|Plastic Waste Management Award 2020||Assam's Dibrugarh district|
|Miss Universe for the year 2019||Zozibini Tunzi|
|Nobel Peace Prize 2019||Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed|
|FICCI India Sports Awards 2019||Railway Sports Promotion Board|
|British PM Boris Johnson||General Election in the UK|
|Prof. Sibnath Deb||Visitor’s Award - for Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences|
|Prof. Sanjay Puri||Visitor’s Award- for Research in Physical Sciences|
|Prof. Asad Ullah Khan||Visitor’s Award - for Research in Biological Sciences|
|Dr Shaon Ray Chaudhuri||Visitor’s Award- for Technology Development|
|Amitabh Bachchan||Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2018|
|Tony Joseph||2019 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize|
|Lionel Messi||Ballon d’Or Award|
|Sangeeta Jaitley||Economic Times (ET) Lifetime Achievement Award for Public Service 2019|
|Joaquin Rafael Phoenix||PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) ‘Person of the Year’ Award 2019|
|Christopher Martin-Jenkins||Spirit of Cricket Award|
|Abu Dhabi (UAE)||World’s Leading Sports Tourism Destination at the 26th Edition of the World Travel Awards (WTA)|
|Kairat Abdrakhmanov, Nicholas Emiliou, Frantisek Ruzicka, Volodymyr Yelchenko||‘The Diwali – Power of One’ award 2019|
|Gulu Mirchandani||“Lifetime Achievement Award” by the Consumer Electronics and Appliances Manufacturers Association|
|Odisha||‘World Habitat Award’ for Jaga Mission|
|Greta Thunberg, Aminatou Haidar, Guo Juanmei and Davi Kopenawa Yanomami||Right Livelihood Award for the year 2019|
|Ajit Doval||Honorary Doctorate at the Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Central University (HNBCIJ)|
|Priyanka Chopra||Marrakech Film Festival|
|Gurugram-based startup||‘Space Oscar’ Award|
|Rani Rampal, Saurabh Chaudhary||Sports Person of the Year awards at the FICCI India Sports Awards 2019|
|Greta Thunberg||Time magazine’s Person of the Year for 2019|
|Toni-Ann Singh||Miss World 2019|
|Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir||National Award Union Rural Development Ministry for best performance in the implementation of PMGSY|
|Ben Stokes||BBC Sports Personality of the Year 2019|
|R. Nagaswamy||Silver Jubilee International Conference of Art|
|Aditya K.||Bharat Award for bravery|
|Kamareddy district of Telangana||Unicef-2019 Award for Swachh Bharat implementation|
|Dr Santosh G Honavar||American Academy of Ophthalmology’s (AAO) highest Life Achievement Award|
|Major Anoop Mishra||Army Design Bureau Excellence Award|
|Isabelle Huppert||Lifetime Achievement Award at IFFI 2019|
|S Rajinikanth||‘Icon of Golden Jubilee of IFFI’ Award|
|Nawazuddin Siddiqui||Golden Dragon Award at 2019 CIFF|
|Pepsico India||US Award for Saving Water|
|Neeraj Sharma||‘Early career Researchers of the Year 2019’ Award|
|Madhuri Vijay’s||‘The Far Field’ wins 2019 JCB prize for Literature|
|Serbia’s Sara Damnjanovic||‘Miss Asia Global 2019’|
|Gulab Kothari||Raja Ram Mohan Roy Award|
|Writer Abhishek Sarkar||Young Literature Award|
|Rofiquzzaman Rony||Gemcon Young Poetry Award|
|Kumar Mangalam Birla||ABLF Global Asian Award|
|Shanta Gokhale||Tata Literature Live! Lifetime Achievement Award for 2019|
|K. Ullas Karanth||George Schaller Lifetime Award|
|Ravi Prakash||BRICS-Young Innovator Prize 2019|
|Robert De Niro||SAG-AFTRA’s highest tribute: the SAG Life Achievement Award|
|Bhonsle||Asian Film Festival Barcelona|
|Tobacco Board of India||Golden Leaf Award|
|Rezwana Choudhury Bannya||ICCR distinguished Alumni Award|
|Sridevi and Rekha||Akkineni Nageswara Roa National Award for 2018 and 2019|
|Ankur Ranjan Phukan & Monoranjan Bori||Munin Barkotoki Literary Award 2019|
|Dr. Cyrus Poonawalla||ABLF Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Avneet Sidhu||Guru Nanak Dev Ji Achievers Award|
|Bajrang Punia||Indian Personality of the Year Award (Sports)|
|Sir David Attenborough||Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2019|
|Virat Kohli||People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India’s ‘Person of the Year for 2019’|
|Greta Thunberg||International Children’s Peace Prize|
|Eliud Kipchoge, Dalilah Muhammad||World Athlete of the Year Award|
|Floating school project of Bangladesh||Aga Khan Architecture Award|
|Singer Billie Eilish||Billboard’s 2019 Woman of the Year|
|Odia women weightlifter Jhilli Dalabehera||Ekalabya Award for 2019|
|Suresh Krishna||‘Quality Ratna’ Award|
|Indian journalist Neha Dixit||International Press Freedom Award 2019|
|Manisha Kulshreshtha||28th Bihari Puraskar Award|
|G Satheesh Reddy||Honorary Fellowship by RAeS|
|‘Particles’||Golden Peacock Award at IFFI 2019|
|Akkitham Namboodiri||55th Jnanpith Award|
|NDTV||International Press Institute India Award|
|Kharjan TE||Best Tea Garden School Award|
|Bodybuilder Chitharesh Natesan||Mr. Universe 2019|
|Kiran Mazumdar Shaw||Lifetime Achievement Award by ICMR|
|Sudarsan Pattnaik||Italian Golden Sand Art Award 2019|
|Amit Panghal||Haryana Gaurav Award|
|Sachin Tendulkar||Swachchta Ambassador Award|
|Azizbek Ashurov||UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) prestigious Nansen Award|
|Ben Stokes||Professional Cricketers’ Association player of the year and People's Choice Award|
|“Spirit Of Kerala”||People’s Choice Award|
|Nick Hague||“The Order of Courage“ Award|
|Ashleigh Barty||‘The Don’ Award|
|Vikram Sarabhai Library of IIMA||‘Award of Distinction’|
|Ramesh Pandey||Asia Environmental Enforcement Award|
|Chandi Prasad Bhatt||31st Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration|
|Noted Director and Producer Priyadarshan||Madhya Pradesh government’s National Kishore Kumar Award|
|Margaret Atwood and Bernardine Evaristo||2019 Booker Prize|
|Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra||“Orchestra of the year Award 2019”|
|K Parasaran||Most Eminent Senior Citizen Award|
|Jennifer Aniston||People’s Icon Award 2019|
|“Gully Boy” & “Delhi Crime”||Asian Academy Creative Awards|
|Ilham Tohti||Sakharov Prize|
|BharatPe||DigiDhan Mission Fin-tech Award|
|Anup Singh||Udyog Rattan Award|
|Nedumangad||2019 Deen Dayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar Award|
|YES Bank||DigiDhan Mission Digital Payments Award|
|Dutee Chand||Vogue Award for Sportsperson of the Year|
|Sanjay Kapoor||Most Inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor in UK|
|Kavitha Gopal||President of India Prize 2019|
|Kalli Purie||Indias Most Powerful Women in Media|
|Prof. Sibnath Deb||Visitor’s Award for Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences|
|Prof. Sanjay Puri||Visitor’s Award for Research in Physical Sciences|
|Prof. Asad Ullah Khan||Visitor’s Award for Research in Biological Sciences|
|Dr Shaon Ray Chaudhuri||Visitor’s Award for Technology Development|
|IPS officer Chhaya Sharma||2019 Asia Society Game Changers Award|
|Paolo Borrometi for Courageous and Ethical Journalism||2019 Peter Mackler Award|
|Andhra Pradesh||Best State Award for overall growth in the tourism category|
|Goa and Madhya Pradesh||Adventure Tourism category|
|Uttarakhand||Best Film Promotion Friendly State|
|Telangana||Best State in the Innovative use of IT category|
|Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA)||IT Excellence Award, 2019|
|Odia Writer Pradeep Dash||40th Edition of Prestigious Sarala Puraskar|
|Navdeep Singh Suri||First Class Order of Zayed II Award|
|Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina||Dr Kalam Smriti International Excellence Award 2019|
|Neena Gupta||Best Feature Film and Best Actress Award|
|Agnes Kharshiing||11th International Hrant Dink Award|
|Vinod Kumar Yadav||Eminent Engineers Award|
|Anand Kumar||Education Excellence Award 2019|
|Kerala Tourism||Three PATA Gold Awards|
|Sonu Nigam||Magnificent Performing Arts Award|
|Ravish Kumar||Gauri Lankesh National Award|
|Amitabh Bachchan||Dadasaheb Phalke award|
|Adam Harper||SASTRA Ramanujan Prize for 2019|
|Prime Minister Narendra Modi||2019 Global Goalkeeper Award|
|Payal Jangid||Changemaker Award 2019|
|Cochin International Airport||Award for Passenger Satisfaction|
|Thanu Padmanabhan||M P Birla Memorial Award 2019|
|Kallie Puri||India’s Most Powerful Women in Media|
|Tapan Kumar Mishra||National Tourism Award for the Category of “Best Tourist Guide”|
|Sanjay Kapoor||Most of the inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor|
|Kavitha Gopal||President of India Prize 2019|
|Ayushmann Khurrana||Actor of the Year award at the 11th edition of GQ Men of the Year Awards|
|Infosys||United Nations Global Climate Action Award|
|PT Usha||IAAF Veteran Pin Award|
|Ravish Kumar||Ramon Magsaysay Award 2019|
|Dr. Vikram Sarabhai||Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research|
|NITI Aayog||4th Edition of WTI Awards|
|Vice President Venkaiah Naidu||President’s Certificate of Honour and Maharshi Badrayan Vyas Samman Awards|
|ISRO Chairman K. Sivan||Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award|
|Himachal Pradesh||POSHAN Abhiyaan Awards|
|Director General of DD News, Mayank Agrawal||“Champions of Empathy Award”|
|Ruhan Rajput||‘Entrepreneur of the Year Award, 2019’|
|Former Cricketer Kapil Dev||Bharat Gaurav Award|
|Bhasha Mukherjee||Miss England 2019|
|President of Guinea||National Order of Merit|
|Naaz Joshi||Miss World Diversity 2019|
|Actor Steve Coogan||Charlie Chaplin Award|
|Lionel Messi||UEFA’s Goal of the Season award 2018-19|
|Cristiano Ronaldo(Runner Up)||UEFA’s Goal of the Season award 2018-19|
|Rajasthan||“Best Innovation and Initiative Leadership Award”( World Education Summit-2019)|
|Priyam Chatterjee||1st Indian Chef to win French honour|
|Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman||Vir Chakra|
|Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi||“Order of Zayed“|
|Philipose Mar Chrysostum||Guinness Award|
|Dr K Thangaraj||JC Bose Fellowship for the Year 2019|
|Meeta Narain||‘Pushkin Medal – 2019’|
|Shri Prabhakar Singh||‘Eminent Engineer Award for the Year 2019’|
|Eric Cantona||UEFA President’s Award|
|Sattriya danseuse||Prestigious Award|
|Former President of India Pranab Mukherjee||Bharat Ratna|
|Prabhat Raju Koli||For adventure in 'Water category'|
|RameshwerJangra||For adventure in 'Air category'|
|Wangchuk Sherpa||For lifetime achievement|
|Aparna Kumar||1st IPS officer to complete 7 Summits Challenge (Climbing the North America’s Highest Peak Denali (20,310 feet)|
|Northeast Frontier Railway||Best Innovation Award (Railway)|
|“Find the Incredible You” Campaign||Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) Gold Award 2019|
|Wipro’s Azim Premji, Mastercard CEO Ajay Banga||2019 Global Excellence Awards (by US-India Strategic Partnership Forum)|
|‘Gully Boy’||NETPAC Award for Best Asian Film at 23rd Bucheon International Fantastic Film Festival 2019|
|‘Nagarkirtan’||Best Featured Film at SAARC Film Festival 2019|
|Rohan Bopanna and Smriti Mandhana||Arjuna Award 2018 by Sports and Youth Affairs Minister Kiren Rijiju|
|P T Usha||International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF)Veteran Pin|
|Vocalist S. Sowmya||Sangita Kalanidhi Award at 93rd Annual Conference of Music Academy|
|Meryl Streep||Tribute Actor Award at 2019 Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF)|
|Sudarsan Pattnaik||People’s Choice Award at 2019 Revere Beach International Sand Sculpting Festival|
|Vidisha Baliyan||Miss Deaf World 2019 Title|
|Priya Priyadarshini Jain||‘Indian Woman of Influence Award’at House of Lords, UK|
|P.Raghu Ram||Honorary fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons(FRCS) of Thailand|
|Zakhir Hussain||Akademi Ratna category|
|Sonal Mansingh||Akademi Ratna category|
|Jatin Goswami||Akademi Ratna category|
|K Kalyanasundaram Pillai||Akademi Ratna category|
|Diwan Singh Bajeli||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|Puru Dadhich||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|'Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca' Award||Ms Pratibha Patil|
|Country's First Woman Fighter||Flight Lieutenant Mohana Singh|
|Global Leadership Award 2019||Sunder Pichai and Adena Friedman|
|World's Richest Female Musician||Rihanna|
|'Nishan Izzuddin'- Maldives' award||Prime Minister Narendra Modi|
|Distinguished Alumni Award||Nirmala Sitharaman and S. Jaishankar|
|Danny Kaye Humanitarian Award||Priyanka Chopra|
|54th Jnanpith Award||Amitav Ghosh|
|BBC World Service Global Champion||Akshaya Patra|
|Femina Miss India World 2019||Suman Rao|
|'Save Water Hero Award'||Makarand Tilloo|
|Innovation for Sustainable Development Award||Nitesh Kumar Jangir|
|Miss Universe Australia 2019||Priya Serrao|
|‘Lifetime Achievement Award’||Mark Tully|
|Kyrgyzstan’s Highest National Award||Xi Jinping|
|‘Journalist of the Year’ RedInk Award||Rachna Khaira|
|President’s award for excellent CSR in social development||NALCO|
|Emirates Recycling Award||Nia Tony|
|Statesmanship Award||Jimmy Carter|
|World Health Organization Award||Rajasthan government’s Medical & Health Department|
|J.C. Daniel Award||Sheela J.C.|
|Gold Award||Mahindra Automobiles|
|‘Outstanding Artistic Achievement’ Award||Movie - Veyil Marangal (Trees Under the Sun)|
|IIT Kanpur’s Honorary Doctorate||Pullela Gopichand|
|Alfred Brownell||Goldman Environmental Prize|
|Apurvi Chandela||World Number One Spot in 10m Air Rifle|
|A.S. Kiran Kumar||'Knight of the Legion of Honour'|
|Nileena M. S.||Asian College of Journalism's Award|
|Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty||P.C. Chandra Puraskaar 2019|
|King Maha Vajiralongkorn||King of Thailand|
|Sri Sri Ravi Shankar||'Order of St. George' Award for the year 2019|
|G D 'Robert' Govender||V K Krishna Menon Award 2019|
|Tiger Woods||Presidential Medal of Freedom|
|Esha Singh and Akull Kumar||Silver in International Shooting|
|Chhaya Sharma||McCain Institute Award 2019|
|Aarohi Pandit||First Woman to Cross Atlantic Ocean|
|Anil Kapoor||Council of European Chambers of Commerce in India (CEUCC)|
|Kami Rita||World's Highest Peak Mount Everest for 23rd time|
|Pramod Kumar Mishra||Sasakawa Award 2019|
|Saray Khumalo||First Black African Woman to Scale Mt. Everest|
|Jokha Alharthi||'Man Booker International Prize'|
|Shyam Saran||'The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star' Award|
|Bhawana Kanth||First Woman Pilot to qualify for Combat Missions|
|Indra Nooyi||Presented with an Honorary Degree by Yale University|
|Dr. Hema Divakar||'Global Asian of the Year' Award|
|Dr. Ankur Patwardhan||'German Chemistry Prize'|
|Kalpana Dash||Odisha's First Woman Mountaineer|
|Mahesh Mangaonkar||Sekisui Open for the Second Time|
|Saurabh Chaudhary||Second Gold Medal in 10m Air Pistol Event in ISSF Gold Cup 2019|
|Lewis Hamilton||Monaco Grand Prix|
|Guy Gunaratne||International Dylan Thomas Prize 2019|
|Acharya Balkrishna||One of the 'UNSDG Ten Most Influential People in Healthcare' Award|
|Professor N. Kumar||'Lifetime Recognition Award'|
|Chelsea||UEFA Europa League 2019|
|Annie Zaidi||Nine Dots Prize|
|Neeraj Chopra (Athletics)||ESPN Sports Person of the Year (Male)|
|P V Sindhu (Badminton)||ESPN Sports Person of the Year (Female)|
|Saina Nehwal (Badminton)||ESPN Comeback of the Year|
|Jaspal Rana (Shooting)||ESPN Coach of the Year|
|Saurabh Chaudhary (Shooting)||ESPN Emerging Sportsperson of the Year|
|Ekta Bhyan (Para-athletics)||ESPN Differently-abled athlete of the Year|
|Pradip Kumar Banerjee (Football)||ESPN Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Salim Khan||Master Deenanath Mangeshkar Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Deepa Malik||New Zealand Prime Minister’sSir Edmund Hillary Fellowship for 2019|
|PM Narendra Modi||Russian Award “Order of Saint Andrew The Apostle”|
|PM Narendra Modi||Zayed Medal of UAE|
|Utkarsh Bangla and Sabooj Sathi Schemes||World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards|
|Rana Dasgupta||Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019|
|K Siva Reddy||Saraswati Samman 2018|
|Benny Antony||National Intellectual Property Award for 2019.|
|Dr Rajendra Joshi||Pravasi Bhartiya Samman Award|
|Bhayanakam (Malayalam film)||Best Cinematography Award at Beijing International Film Festival|
|President Ram Nath Kovind||Grand Order of the King of Tomislav by Croatia|
|Marcelo Gleiser (Brazilian physicist and astronomer)||Templeton Prize 2019|
|Peter Tabichi||Global Teacher Prize 2019|
|US Mathematician Karen Uhlenbeck||Abel Prize 2019|
|Raghu Karnad||Windham-Campbell Prize|
|Priyanka Dubey||Chameli Devi Jain Award|
|Raghuram Rajan||Yashwantrao Chavan National Award 2018|
|Japanese Architect Arata Isozaki||Pritzker Prize 2019|
|Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA)||SKOCH Award, 2018|
|G Satheesh Reddy.||Missile Systems Award 2019|
|Indore||Saubhagya Award under Pradhanmantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana|
|Leeladhar Jagudi||Vyas Samman 2018|
|Hailakandi in Assam||Top Aspirational District by Delta Ranking Report by NITI Ayog|
|Thanga Darlong||First Atal Bihari Vajpayee Life Time Award|
|Swati Shingade||First prize of DD Mahila Kisan Award for 2018- 19|
|Indore||India’s cleanest city by Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019|
|Ahmedabad||Cleanest big city with a population of more than ten lakh by Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019|
|Gauchar (Uttrakhand)||Best Ganga Town by Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019|
|Bhopal||Cleanest capital by Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019|
|eNAM (Electronic National Agriculture Market)||Digital Transformation by Businessline Changemaker Award 2019|
|Behrouz Boochani||Victorian prize for literature (Australia)|
|Azim Premji||Ernst & Young Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Sanjiv Chadha||Freedom of the City of London’ Award|
|Sanjay Subrahmanyam (Indian Historian)||Dan David Prize of Israel 2019|
|Bradley Cooper||PETA's Oscat Award|
|Sunil Chhetri||Football Ratna'Award|
|Sushma Swaraj||Spain’s Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit|
|Manpreet Singh||Asian Player Of The Year Award|
|Rail Connect mobile app||National e-Governance Award 2019|
|PM Narendra Modi||Seoul Peace Prize|
|Dr Divya Karnad||Prestigious Future for Nature 2019 Award by Future for Nature Foundation|
|Novak Djokovic||Sportsman of the Year at Laureus World Sports Awards 2019|
|Simone Biles||Sportswoman of the Year at Laureus World Sports Awards 2019|
|Tiger Woods||Comeback of the Year at Laureus World Sports Awards 2019|
|Roma||Best Film at BAFTA Film Awards 2019|
|Bhupen Hazarika,||Bharat Ratna Award 2019|
|Bharat Ratna Award, 2019||Bharat Ratna Award 2019|
|Nanaji Deshmukh||Bharat Ratna Award 2019|
|Piyush Goyal||Carnot Prize 2018|
|PM Narendra Modi||Philip Kotler Presidential Award|
|Namita Gokhale||Sushila Devi Literature Award|
|Tamil Nadu||Best State Award in Swasth Bharat Yatra by FSSAI|
|Smriti Mandhana||ICC women's cricketer of the Year Award|
|Virat Kohli||ICC Men's Test Player of the Year|
|Virat Kohli||ICC ODI Player of the Year|
|Virat Kohli||Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy fo ICC Cricketer of the Year|
|Rishabh Pant||ICC Emerging Player of the Year|
|Yohei Sasakawa||Gandhi International Peace Award 2018|
|Tiger Woods||Comeback of the Year at Laureus World Sports Awards 2019|
|V.J. James||Kerala Sahitya Award for Best Novel “Nireeswaran”|
|Veerankutty||Kerala Sahitya Award for Poetry “Mindaprani”|
|Aymanam John||Kerala Sahitya Award for Best Short Story “Ethara Characharangalude Charitra Pusthakam”|
|Amitav Ghosh||Jnanpith Award, 2018|
|Catriona Elisa Gray||Miss Universe 2018|
|Vanessa Ponce de Leon||Miss World 2018|
|Shree Saini||Miss India Worldwide 2018|
|Uttar Pradesh based startup HelpUsGreen||United Nations Climate Action Award|
|Manju Mehta||Tansen Samman, 2018|
|Luka Modrić||FIFA Ballon d'Or Award|
|Sonam Kapoor||PETA India's Person of the Year 2018|
|Asma Jahangir||UN Human Rights Prize for 2018|
|Mamata Banerjee||Skoch Chief Minister of the Year 2018 Award|
This is a summary of a moderately good 🌿branch book. I intend this post to be a comprehensive summary, but you should buy the book if you're interested in the career case studies behind Irwin’s ideas. Read more about book classifications here.
Neil Irwin’s 2019 book How to Win in a Winner-Take-All World is a career strategy book that is best seen as a collection of tactics in the face of macroeconomic change.
In all honesty, I hesitate in calling this a ???? branch book. Irwin’s list of tactics isn't cohesive — he isn’t making one point with a number of sub-arguments. Instead, the chapters have the most tenuous of connections, and sling us from baseball to Microsoft to GE to management consulting to law.
I think the easiest way to make thematic sense of How to Win is to consider each tactic that Irwin presents as a response to some underlying structural shift in the economy. I’ll organise my summary accordingly: first, I’ll describe Irwin’s take on some underlying macro-economic change. Then I’ll present his tactical suggestions for dealing with that change. Finally, I’ll critique it, introduce supporting material for it, or perhaps even applaud the tactic; the idea is to present Irwin’s ideas the same way one might thread a necklace of pearls — without care for specific order. You may read this summary in one sitting, or you may jump around, it's really up to you.
Two last bits of administrivia before we continue.
First, many of the ideas Irwin discusses dovetails nicely with our previous discussions on career moats — and I’ll reference those ideas as we go along. If you’re new to this blog, you might want to skim this overview post for proper context.“Microeconomics is what you do, macroeconomics is what you put up with.”
Second, I can’t help but think of a 2016-era quote from Charlie Munger that goes “microeconomics is what you do, macroeconomics is what you put up with.” This applies to jobs as much as it does investing.
Irwin’s book may begin with ‘macroeconomics’, but he always eventually ties what is true in the large to what is practically useful in the small. The end goal of How to Win is to ‘help ambitious people navigate a career in this changing economy, much as a sailor must understand winds and currents.’
I don’t think this book is the definitive take, but Irwin’s ideas are worth considering ... perhaps because there are so few people writing about this topic in the first place.
Table of Contents
1. The Goal is to be a Pareto Optimal Glue Person
The first idea that Irwin explores is the biggest takeaway of How to Win — that the ‘most’ lucrative goal in today’s economy is to be something he calls a ‘Pareto Optimal glue person’ for your industry.
The macro: Companies today are bigger and more complex than in the past. This is partly due to globalisation (the supply chain for most businesses cross national boundaries, timezones, and jurisdictions), and partly due to technological progress (it takes way more technicians to make King Kong today than it did in 1933).
Complex, global organisations need a special class of worker to function properly. Irwin calls this class of worker a ‘glue person’ — and the prototypical example he gives to illustrate his point is Marco Revelant of Weta Digital, ‘the man who groomed King Kong’. Revelant had a background as a 3D artist, but was ultimately responsible for creating Barbershop — the Academy Award winning software that allowed artists in Weta Digital to ‘groom’ the fur of hundreds of computer generated apes in Rise of the Planet of the Apes. Revelant did not have a background in software engineering. And yet he was integral to the creation of Barbershop:
“He doesn’t actually look at the code,” explained Pablo Selva, the head of software engineering at Weta Digital. “But he understands how something like the elastic rod dynamics on hair work. He’ll understand the logic behind it even if he may not know how to implement it himself. It’s not a skill many artists have. If all of the artists were able to do that, it would be much easier to talk to them.”
Revelant is but one example (glue person, film industry) in the book. There are many others.
The tactical recommendation: Irwin asserts that ‘becoming a glue person’ for your specific industry is one of the best career bets you can take. Changing industries result in changing firms. Changing firms result in career opportunities. Irwin believes becoming a glue person is an opportunistic adaptation to a changing environment.
But ‘glue people’ as a term gets a bad rep. Irwin acknowledges that the phrase can mean ‘useless bureaucracy’. How do you differentiate good glue people from bad glue people?Good glue people ‘cannot possibly have greater ability in one area relevant to their jobs without sacrificing something in another’.
Irwin eventually settles on the following definition: a good glue person is ‘Pareto optimal’. This is a fancy way of saying that good glue people ‘cannot possibly have greater ability in one area relevant to their jobs without sacrificing something in another’. Revelant can’t spend more time boning up on software engineering without giving up his ability to work and think like an artist.
Useless bureaucrats, on the other hand, are not Pareto optimal. They are the definition of a bad glue person.
I think Irwin’s notion of ‘Pareto optimality’ is an interesting take on having a ‘rare and valuable combination of skills’. We’ve covered Cal Newport’s argument that there are two paths to building a valuable career: a) you can be the best in your field at some skill, or b) you can acquire a rare and valuable combination of skills. Irwin focuses exclusively on the latter path, and makes little mention of the former.
2. How to become Pareto Optimal?
If becoming a Pareto optimal glue person is the goal, how do you actually become one? In simpler terms, how do you determine the exact combination of skills that are valuable, and how do you go about pursuing those skills?
The macro: In a changing industry, certain firms are more competitive than others. Those firms will respond more rapidly to disruption. Jobs at Tesla, for instance, are more indicative of the future of the automobile industry than jobs at GM. Volvo, which announced in 2019 that they were going to switch all cars to electric and hybrid drivetrains within a single year, is more likely to experience a shift in labour requirements.Irwin argues that you should periodically read JDs from firms that are considered at the leading edge of your field
The tactical recommendation: Changes in labour requirements will show up in job descriptions. And they’ll show up first in more innovative companies, before spreading to the rest of the industry.
To understand the opportunities available to you, Irwin argues that you should periodically read JDs from firms that are considered at the leading edge of your field. The skills they ask for will give you a clue as to the evolution of skill demand in your industry.
Irwin tells the story of Burning Glass Technologies, a software firm that had the bright idea of analysing job descriptions to figure out skill demand. Starting in 2007, BGT began scraping every job listing in the country. They discovered several useful patterns in the data.
For instance, the length of time a JD remains up gives BGT a possible signal as to the difficulty of hiring for that role. BGT then investigates such aberrations, in order to identify the skills that make the new roles so difficult to fill. An episode from 2014 demonstrates this rather clearly:
Sigelman noticed a curious pattern with a surprising category of jobs. Many schools and camps in the United States are associated with a church or other religious institution and employ a “director of religious life” to guide the spiritual experience of their enrollees. Usually, these jobs are pretty easy to fill; countless graduates of divinity schools, or just devout people who have the right personality, tend to apply. But according to Burning Glass’s data, suddenly those jobs were starting to take much longer to fill on average, for no obvious reason.
“I remember first looking at the numbers and saying, ‘Guys, we are clearly doing something wrong in our data, because there is no shortage of religious talent in the United States of America,’” Sigelman said. When they dove deeper, what they found was not so much a general shortage of people looking to work in religious life. Rather, camps were increasingly looking for a new skill set among their directors of religious life. “Most of these jobs were clearing very fast, and there was no holdup,” Sigelman said. “But there was this corner of them where they were looking for religious life directors who had social media skills and database marketing skills—people who could really market to young folks. But there weren’t too many people with that combination of skills, and that was driving the overall average to make it look like there was a shortage.” The problem, in other words, wasn’t that there was a shortage of people interested in religious life but that there was a shortage of those people who also knew how to do database marketing.”
There are other useful patterns in the data. For instance, when companies post a JD, they tend to emphasise the qualifications that they are most struggling to find.
Irwin gives the example of a pharmaceutical company hiring an in-house lawyer — in this situation, the company might not bother specifying some of the skills and qualifications that a lawyer is expected to have. Instead, such a JD would emphasise knowledge of medical science — expertise that is relatively rare in lawyers but particularly useful for lawyers in the pharmaceutical world.Jobs that demand combinations of skills tend to skew higher in terms of salary
BGT’s data also shows that jobs that demand combinations of skills tend to skew higher in terms of salary. The average advertised salary for an engineering manager is $95,000 a year, but goes up to $120,000 if the JD also specifies strategic planning experience. And on it goes — Irwin asserts that this is a direct consequence of supply-demand dynamics: the rarer the combination of skills; the higher the salary.
The major takeaway is the following:
In every sector, there are some companies that are known for being on the cutting edge of where the industry and its talent needs are going, and others that are slower to adjust. Even if you work at one of the laggard companies, it is beneficial to monitor job postings by the cutting-edge companies. The skills they seek are likely to offer a window into the future of the job in question. Your own employer may not realize it needs X skill yet, but if its highly innovative competitor is trying to hire a lot of people with X skill, seek out every opportunity to learn more about X.
Irwin closes with a concrete example of Tesla vs GM from BGT’s data: 54% of Tesla mechanical engineer postings sought experience with CATIA 3D design software, and 19% sought experience with 3D modelling and design more generally. These requirements were less prevalent in the GM listings.
BGT believes if you’re a mechanical engineer in the auto industry, and if you believe the rest of the industry will look more like Tesla over the next decade than it will GM, then it would be a better bet to gain experience with 3D modelling techniques today.
3. Treat Career Moves Like a Lattice, not a Ladder
Irwin notes that C-level execs aren’t exempt from this shift towards combinations of skills as opposed to specialisation. He cites Custodio et all in a 2012 paper, finding that ‘generalist’ CEOs earned a premium of 19% in annual pay — or almost an additional $1 million a year in extra compensation. I’ll note that this is a single study, so I wouldn’t read too much into it; I found the macro changes that led to this shift to be far more interesting.
The macro: In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, large companies cut layers of middle management, with the aim of reducing costs. These jobs have largely vanished for good — with consequences for those who are intent on climbing the corporate ladder.
(Related: I’ve summarised economist Tyler Cowen’s views in Average Is Overelsewhere on this blog; Cowen believes that the Great Recession has resulted in a permanent contraction of the labour market. He attributes this to the twin influences of automation and outsourcing. Irwin's ideas are likely an instance of this broader economic trend.)The post-2008 reduction in middle-management have caused promotions to become rarer and larger
Irwin cites research from the human resources group at Gartner, that’s found that the post-2008 reduction in middle-management have caused promotions to become rarer and larger — where before a manager could expect to be promoted from running a team of five to a team of ten after two years, a rising manager would now have to wait five years and go from five subordinates to thirty.
This meant two things: first, workers in such companies were getting more frustrated as they went without a promotion for longer, and when managers finally made the jump, they were more likely to fail due to a lack of relevant expertise. Brian Kropp, the head of the human resources group at Gartner, said that he and his colleagues began advising companies to offer career advancement in the form of varied experiences, since they weren’t able to offer advancement in terms of linear promotions.
In the book, Irwin quotes Kropp:
“As an employee,” Kropp said, “you have to think about ‘What do I need to get on my résumé in order to be promoted at some point in the future?’ rather than ‘What task do I need to achieve this quarter to get promoted now?’ You can’t be thinking about your job anymore as just ‘How do I have a career in this company?’ You have to be thinking about, and this sounds incredibly mercenary, but you have to be thinking about ‘How do I get promoted at any company? And what are the skill sets that are going to help me be successful no matter where my career leads?’”
The tactical recommendation: The overarching point that Irwin makes in this chapter is to argue that the notion of a career ladder is dead. He’s in fairly good company here; Sheryl Sandberg, for instance, asserts that careers today are less like a ladder and more like a ‘jungle gym’:
”As you start your post-HBS career, look for opportunities, look for growth, look for impact, look for mission. Move sideways, move down, move on, move off. Build your skills, not your resume. Evaluate what you can do, not the title they’re going to give you. Do real work. Take a sales quota, a line role, an ops job. Don’t plan too much, and don’t expect a direct climb. If I had mapped out my career when I was sitting where you are, I would have missed my career.”
Irwin calls career advancement in today’s world ‘navigating the career lattice’ — and asserts that you can make a jump up for pay, or a jump across, for experience — but rarely both at the same time. He then offers three recommendations based on this underlying change:
- Don’t evaluate job offers based on promotion or pay alone. Instead, evaluate in terms of skills and experiences that would put you in a good position to have even more interesting options down the road, no matter how the economic winds shift.
- Train yourself to have a ‘three-year itch’ in every job In the first year of any new job, you’ll be learning your way around. In the second year, you’ll be making change happen. And then finally, in the third year, you’ll come into your own, which means you’re likely to start feeling comfortable. This comfort means you won’t be learning as much; which in turn means that you should probably find opportunities for learning elsewhere (or through some other means in the same organisation).
- You won’t know where the hops are leading you while you’re doing it. Many of the case studies in How to Win are of people hopping from opportunity to opportunity. The common denominator in each of these stories are that the hops only make sense when you’re looking back, with the benefit of hindsight. In practice, when you’re making the jumps, it’s really difficult to see where all the combination of skills will eventually get you. This gets at the heart of Sandberg’s argument — that one shouldn’t have a concrete plan while navigating one’s career. Irwin, in turn, urges you to embrace the uncertainty. What matters, he says, is that you make the hops and gain the experience; you can always form a coherent narrative of your career later, with the benefit of hindsight.
4. Work is like a Sports Team, not a Family
If work today consists of a series of hops, how do you think about loyalty to your employer? This chapter is essentially the story of the Netflix culture deck (otherwise known as ‘the most important document ever to come out of Sillicon Valley’). Irwin uses it as the central story around which to explore the changing relationship between employer and employee.
The Macro: Companies are no longer loyal to their employees. Perhaps they never were (or perhaps they were only ever loyal to a small subset of their employees); the reality is that increased competition from globalisation, coupled with an increased willingness to do layoffs make for a highly transactional relationship between employee and employer.
You should be highly suspicious of assertions that ‘working at X is like being in a family’ — the economic realities no longer support this narrative. It was for this reason that Patty McCord created the Netflix culture deck with the following message front and centre:
We’re a team, not a family.
We’re like a pro sports team, not a kid’s recreational team.
Loyalty is good as a stabiliser … but unlimited loyalty to a shrinking firm, or to an ineffective employee, is not what we’re about.
McCord believed this formulation was an exercise in honesty. She thought it made explicit a reality that was implicit at many modern companies.
The tactical recommendation: I think it’s clear to most of us that company loyalty is a thing of the past. I expect to be laid-off at least once in my career; you should, too. Irwin suggests taking on the framing that Netflix uses: think of each job you take like you would an athlete signing on to a professional sports team. That relationship exists for a limited duration, which will end when the team’s needs and the employee’s abilities are no longer a match.What are the limits of loyalty? Irwin suggests hewing to the principles of honesty and reciprocity.
The tricky, practical question to all this is ‘what are the limits of loyalty?’ Irwin suggests hewing to the principles of honesty and reciprocity. If an employer is more invested and shows longer-term loyalty, reciprocate by giving really early notice, and go out of your way to train replacements. Irwin also suggests applying a higher standard for external opportunities, so you are more reluctant to leave higher-loyalty employers.
If you were hired for a specific project, however, it’s only fair to see that project to completion. Doing this is consistent with the transactional nature of the relationship with your employer.
To some degree, this is common sense. Most industries have dense networks, and reputation matters over the long term. The fact that employer-employee loyalty is dead doesn’t mean that you aren’t held to some common understanding around reciprocity.
Don’t create reputational harm for yourself by violating these new norms.
5. When is Freelancing Lucrative?
In 2017, Irwin wrote a hard-hitting piece in the New York Times on the societal impact of outsourcing. The piece, titled To Understand Rising Inequality, Consider the Janitors at Two Top Companies, Then and Now covered two janitors: Gail Evans at Eastman Kodak in the 1980s, and Marta Ramos at Apple today.
Ms Evans took advantage of Kodak’s internal training programs, and rose from janitor to CTO of Kodak over the course of a decade. Ms Ramos, on the other hand, was an employee of an outsourced cleaning company. She had no such opportunities.
The NYT piece makes a broader point about inequality, but Irwin’s purpose in referencing the piece in How to Win is different — he argues that freelancing is a valid option for today’s ambitious worker … but only if the contract work isn’t regarded as a cost centre for the company in question.
The macro: Companies are more willing to outsource non-essential functions of the firm today. The traditional business narrative around this is that companies outsource if the task is a ‘cost centre’ — that is, an activity that isn’t a core competency of the business. Apple is willing to outsource janitorial services because it doesn’t gain a competitive advantage from cleaning its own offices, but it keeps design and engineering functions in-house because those are core competencies for the company.
In practice, however, Irwin observes that companies have become more willing to outsource semi-core competencies to contract workers. This violates the traditional business narrative, and creates lucrative opportunities for eagle-eyed workers. Irwin turns to academic Matthew Bidwell for an explanation of this effect:
- Contract work can be a form of ‘internal rules arbitrage’. Often, large companies have much stricter rules around hiring employees than hiring contract workers/vendors. This makes outsourcing a lot more attractive to address labour shortages, because it is far easier to bring on a new contract worker for a project as opposed to a new employee.
- Contracting outside firms is sometimes used to ‘force’ internal business units to be clearer about what they need. Because the organisation is paying for the service, business units can’t keep changing their minds the way they can if they were using internal development resources.
- Internal politics define much of the nuances over these contract worker arrangements. Bidwell explains that the goals of senior managers in a large corporation are usually in conflict with that of project managers — the former want lower costs, the latter want successful execution of a project. In projects where the work was seen as straightforward, senior management would often push to outsource the work — without regard for the communication and logistical costs to the project manager. On the flip side, in projects where the work was seen as more complex, project managers would often push for external guidance, with senior management balking at the cost.
Irwin also notes that firms at the cutting edge of some technical field often bring in specialised experts for specific, tricky technical problems. The intuition here is that it might be more worthwhile to use a short-term contract with an experienced CFO who is between jobs than a similar contract with a team of young MBA consultant types doing generic analysis for six weeks.
Irwin profiles two examples of this trend: the first, GE, uses an internal system called GeniusLink that matches managers with a global pool of freelance and contract talent. GeniusLink pays freelance engineers for solving specific technical problems; the example Irwin cites is a young Indonesian engineer named M Arie Kurniawan, who was paid $7000 for a method to reduce the weight of an engine bracket by 84% — but I’m not sure to what degree GeniusLink is real and useful, and not just corporate ‘we are innovative’ marketing fluff.
The second example Irwin uses is that of Michael Solomon, an agent for programmers.
When I met with Solomon in early 2018, for example, blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies were in high demand, so the small number of engineers who knew blockchain backward and forward could land lucrative contracts with any company considering an initial coin offering or other initiatives.
Solomon describes the thought process for a company thinking of hiring one of his clients versus a conventional employee: “With startups, they may think paying $200 an hour to a freelance developer seems really expensive, so they’re going to hire someone full-time, and they have a $200,000 a year budget to hire them, which works out to $100 an hour. But how long have you been looking? If it’s eight months, how much product have you not built in those eight months? And when you find that person for $200,000, how long will they stay? How much equity are you giving them? How much rent are you paying for their workspace? How does paid vacation factor in?”
I buy this calculus.
The big takeaway here is that contract work shouldn’t be seen as all negative. If the work fits into one of the situations Irwin lists above, taking on a freelance job might be a workable idea.
6. Using Big Data To Improve Performance
This is one of the weaker chapters in How to Win. For whatever reason, this chapter was also the bit of the book that was excerpted in the New York Times.
The macro: We’ve seen the rise of statistical techniques in baseball and basketball. Irwin points out that most of our work today is conducted digitally — leaving a ‘digital exhaust’ of documents, tasks, calendar events, and emails that may be mined for performance enhancing insights. He is hopeful that such mining might help us discover new ways to improve our performance at our jobs.
Tactical recommendations: I think the major takeaway here is to look out for such big data/people op insights, as they get released and/or covered by the popular press. Irwin presents a list of findings from Microsoft’s attempt to mine their productivity data:
- Managers should watch the hours they’re working. For every hour a manager spends doing email or meetings after normal working hours, it adds up to twenty minutes per direct report as well, and that cascades through the organisation.
- Do one-on-ones. Regular department-wide meetings do not correlate with managerial success. One-on-one meetings, on the other hand, do. (I’ve written about the mechanics of this effect elsewhere, and I’m not sure a data-driven approach is more convincing than what can be garnered through practice alone).
- Always work on your network within your organisation Managers with more extensive networks within the organisation tend to have subordinates that stick around longer. The root causes for this correlation aren’t clear.
This chapter is weak because what little insight it offers is blindingly obvious to a semi-competent practitioner.
The best data-driven insights are counter-intuitive — which is sort of the point, because if they were intuitive, we wouldn’t need statistical techniques to discover them. I’m not sure if this is my bias speaking: Irwin’s list of findings from Microsoft weren’t particularly interesting or insightful to me. I think Google’s discovery of psychological safety as an important team attribute was more life-changing — at the very least, it wasn’t intuitive to me as practitioner, and it made a big difference in how I thought about my day-to-day interactions with my team.
7. Management Ability as Competitive Advantage
Next up in ‘blindingly obvious findings’, Irwin suggests that good management is as much of a competitive advantage in business as having a technological edge. The smart worker picks good managers.
The macro: Irwin observes that the manager’s role is to increase the output of an organisation. (This is the central idea in Andy Grove’s High Output Management, from which much of Silicon Valley’s management style is descended from).
Irwin then observes that good management is significantly more powerful in the information age. In typical non-fiction format, he tells a number of stories to make his point (and pad the page count of this chapter), but I’ll just focus on two.
The first is about Susan Salgado at Union Square Hospitality Group. Union Square Hospitality is the company behind successful restaurants like Union Square Cafe, Gramercy Tavern, and Shake Shack. When Salgado entered the picture, however, USH had only a handful of restaurants, and Shake Shack’s enormous empire lay in the company’s future. USH founder Danny Meyer was struggling with scaling his operations; Salgado, then an MBA student at Lehigh University, offered to embed herself in USH’s operations in exchange for writing it up in her dissertation.
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Salgado discovered that USH relied on what she called a ‘three-legged stool’ to thrive: they had a good hiring process, they had great systems to run the restaurants, and they maintained a good working environment. Remove one of the three ‘legs’, and USH’s operational advantage would go away.
Of the three, the third leg — the culture — was the biggest obstacle when it came to scaling the company’s business. Meyer created a good working environment … but only when he was at that particular restaurant. Meyer recounts:
“Every time I went back to one restaurant, it had gotten off center. It was fine while I was there, and then when I would go to the other one, I would have to correct things that had gone wrong. The things that bothered me that slipped were how people were treating each other, the approach they were taking to guests.”
After her MBA, Salgado offered to work full time for Meyer at USH. Her solution to this problem was to formalise all of Danny’s practices as a series of management training classes. There, they simulated difficult situations that managers would have to deal with on a day-to-day basis: how to reprimand an employee who kept making mistakes, how to pre-emptively notice a customer growing frustrated, and how to mediate the inevitable disputes between front-of-house staff and back-of-house kitchen crew. Formalising Danny’s intuitive practices helped USH scale their operations to an empire of incredibly successful restaurants.
Irwin tells this story to illustrate how good management — as per USH’s ’three-legged stool’ approach — provides competitive advantages, even in a cut-throat business like the F&B industry. Could such an approach matter in other companies?
In 2003, John Van Reenen of LSE and John Dowdy of McKinsey had the idea of testing the influence of good management on overall business competitiveness. The mainstream opinion — then and now — was that Michael Porter-style big-picture strategy was more important than the boring nuts-and-bolts of management.
Van Reenen and Dowdy organised a study where they tracked the implementation of management best practices against the corporations’s overall financial results. Their hypothesis turned out to be correct:
Sure enough, the firms that rate highest in their management practices have higher return on capital and are less likely to go out of business. Management practices seem to be strongest in some of the countries known for high competitiveness and high incomes, like the United States, Germany, Japan, and Canada—and weaker in places known to struggle on both frontiers, like Italy, Portugal, India, and Brazil. Interestingly, some of the countries with lower average levels of management quality have much stronger results at multinational firms’ facilities within their borders, suggesting companies can export good management techniques.
Good management acts like a technology in and of itself. It is something that can be adopted and propagated across companies much as a new technique for smelting steel or testing machine parts might be. When best management practices are in place, the productivity of people up and down the organization is higher; each individual becomes more valuable than they would be in a more poorly managed firm. Higher productivity is an essential precondition to higher compensation.
The tactical recommendation: Management is important. If you’re in an organisation with good middle managers, you’re likely to accrue benefits that others in less well-managed companies wouldn’t. Sadly, Irwin doesn’t give practical advice on detecting good management; he merely argues that working for a good manager is hugely important to one’s career.
In other news, the sun rises in the East. I found Salgado’s story the most compelling one in this chapter (I’m a huge fan of Shake Shack) … but I wish Irwin spent more time examining tricks we may use to figure out if an org is well-managed.
8. Navigating the Winner-Take-All World
Irwin asserts that many of the challenges we face today come as a result of a what he calls a ’winner-takes-all’ world.
The macro change here is that we’re seeing increasing consolidation across many, many industries. Irwin lists a number of factors that lead to the rise of super-corporations in many industries:
- Intangible inputs have become more predominant — Information industries like software and movies have always had a winner-take-all element, because they don’t experience the curse of diminishing returns (you can’t produce more widgets for free; but the cost of copying and distributing a movie or a piece of software is near zero). As ‘software eats the world’ , Irwin thinks we’re seeing these effects spread to other industries — even ones that aren’t historically associated with software.
- Network effects — Some products are more valuable the more people use them. Think Microsoft Word, or Facebook. Irwin asserts the ‘software eats the world’ thesis means more and more network effects popping up in our economy — in places that we don’t expect.
- Market power and contagious consolidation — When one industry consolidates, for whatever reason, there’s a greater incentive for those it does business with to consolidate as well, out of fear for being steamrollered by a more powerful customer or supplier.
- Crony capitalism and regulatory barriers — This is basically regulatory capture. Irwin believes we’ve seen the rise of both in America. And, finally:
- Antitrust authorities’s tolerance of consolidation — Irwin believes that the US Government has been historically very tolerant of consolidation. He points to Delta buying Northwest, United buying Continental, Facebook buying Instagram and Whatsapp, and so on.
We can quibble over the underlying factors, but I’m willing to accept Irwin’s assertion at face value. The more important question to ask is: what do you do in response to this widespread consolidation?
The tactical recommendation: Irwin argues that there are three types of firms in this age of consolidation. . Each of these types offer an ambitious worker different opportunities, and therefore different broad patterns for career advancement. The firm types are:
- Winner companies — these are companies that have won the consolidation wars.
- Ascendant companies — these are startups that are hoping to grow large enough to displace the winners.
- Afterthought companies — these are the losers in the consolidation war; legacy companies that are struggling to survive.
At a winner company (think: Microsoft circa 2001), you enjoy the safety of a healthy paycheck and the clarity of a linear career ladder. The risks here are that you become silo-ed in a narrow area, and you lose the motivation to push boundaries and take initiative; Irwin profiles a successful executive at Microsoft named Nick Caldwell, who had to be pushed by a mentor to take initiative once he reached a certain level in the Microsoft hierarchy. This push led to a sequence of events that eventually caused Caldwell to ascend to general manager; Caldwell left in 2016 to become VP of engineering at Reddit, eventually rising to become Chief Product Officer.
Caldwell, on careers:
“I’d run into two classes of people,” he said. “One would be the iterate-and-optimize kind of person. They’re fine working on Office 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15. That’s their bread and butter. But for people like me, it was more like, ‘How do you do something novel in a way that fits into this older product?’ And it’s a small number of people who are excited about that sort of thing, but if you can find them, and get those people together in the right way, that’s where all the true innovation comes from.” Even if one of your bets within such a company wins, you don’t own upside from it; you are trading the potential of a big win for the safety net of a steady salary whether your product makes it or not.
At an ascendant company (think: Zillow circa 2005), cash compensation is low, and stock compensation high risk. The benefits of working at a startup are the lack of boundaries — and the opportunity of growing into a role that you wouldn’t otherwise be ready for.
Irwin profiles Amy Bohutinsky’s career at Zillow: she started out as a PR person for the 30-person startup, but was shoved into product discussions and marketing operations from the very beginning. Irwin writes:
The people who most thrive in startup environments are comfortable with ambiguity, with a lack of clear hierarchy or clear departmental lines. The payoff is that this very ambiguity allows you to get deeper, wider experience with crucial strategic questions than you would in a more established company. (…) “Being involved with product strategy is something I could only have experienced in a startup at the ideation stage,” said Bohutinsky. “We were just a group of people in a room without a lot of walls or lines, and that set me up for a future of realizing I had a voice in what we created that wouldn’t have been heard otherwise.”
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In 2015, when Zillow acquired rival real estate site Trulia, Bohutinsky was appointed COO to oversee the merger — an urgent, bet-the-company operational imperative. Why her? When asked, Bohutinsky reflected: “I think it came from years of me showing that if you give me something I don’t know a lot about, I’ll figure out how to tackle it and how to build the teams to go do it, and figure out what I don’t know.”
At an afterthought company, the opportunities are to ascend at a company in crisis. Irwin profiles Mark Mason — a young accountant at Deloitte who stumbled into the role of corporate turnaround artist. His first stint was at a real-estate development company, who recruited him as CFO out of Deloitte … only to find itself in a real-estate-driven recession. Mason’s job was to engineer a turnaround.
Mason learnt a great deal in a short time about high-stakes negotiations and dealing with a company in crisis. His team pulled off the save — barely — and after the turnaround, Mason returned to the safe embrace of Deloitte “taking a step back to do that, both in compensation and stature.”
What his experience did give him, though, was a reputation of an accountant who had also led the restructuring of a trouble company. This reputation eventually led to an offer to be CFO of Fidelity Federal Bank, a 5 billion institution that was in financial trouble, and then eventually CEO of HomeStreet bank (who was also in crisis).
I think Irwin picks these three profiles for a reason: these are examples of three people who have successfully made the jump to the C-suite. The paths they took are different — Caldwell had to bide his time and climb the ladder before taking initiative; Bohutinsky found growth in a rocketship, and Mason advanced in his career by coming in to save distressed companies. As far as patterns go, the three types of opportunities do seem broadly correct — and a direct consequence of massive consolidation.
9. Responding to Software Eating the World
The final idea in Irwin’s book deals with one of my primary preoccupations: what do you do when software is eating the world?
Macro change: Here’s the crux of the argument. In 2011, Marc Andreesen wrote a piece in the Wall Street Journal titled ‘Why Software Is Eating The World’. The essay Andreesen wrote has been hugely influential; I urge you to read the full piece if you’re not convinced by it.
The gist of the argument is that, increasingly, almost every business today is in some aspects a software business. You must deal with this trend if you are to succeed.
The tactical recommendations: Irwin argues that every worker has two fundamental options when faced with software displacement:
- **You focus your career on non-automatable skills. **Irwin believes that the best jobs here are the ones that involve improvising and reacting to a fluid environment; anything that is rote-driven is at risk of being automated away. (Ironically, this means that a gardener is more resilient to automation than an accounting clerk).
- You reorient your career to help with the automation. That is, you become the automator, rather than the automatee. On this note, Irwin notes that you don’t have to be a software programmer. You merely have to be good at bridging domain experience with technological expertise — being a glue person, in other words.
Irwin profiles Jarlath Mellett — who, like Marco Relevant of Weta Digital at the beginning of this book — works with computer programmers without being technically proficient himself. Instead, Mallet has a background in traditional fashion. He designs clothes with pencil and paper, even as he works alongside programmers and materials engineers making cutting-edge clothing at Ministry of Supply. Mellett’s contribution? He’s ‘Pareto optimal’ — that is, he is able to speak the language of the engineers, and is able to communicate at the right level of abstraction.
Irwin reflects that Mellett resembles many of his (ridiculously successful) peers in the news business. Irwin is a journalist, not a fashion designer. But he notes that the best journos have been the ones who are quickest to adapt to the digital world we live in. This difference is attitudinal: like Mellett, they are willing to rethink the entire process of how work is done.
In sum, as more industries become, at their core, software businesses, it doesn’t mean that everyone should be a technologist. It does mean that everyone needs to be focused on making the most of those technologies.
Neil Irwin has written a moderately good book on career planning in a world of consolidation and technological change. There are a few ideas I find valuable here: the most compelling one being the articulation of the ‘Pareto-optimal glue person’, and suggestions on how to pursue it.
If there’s any complaint I have with the book, it’s that Irwin hews too closely to the ‘story-lesson-story’ template of popular non-fiction. Irwin’s case studies are verbose, sprinkled with little details meant to make characters more interesting or the narratives more palatable; unfortunately, the idea payoff doesn’t often justify the storytelling. (I mean, ‘management is important; pick good mangers’ — really?)
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I find some of Irwin’s ideas worth exploring further, and I intend to pursue them on this blog. But I think this book is only passably good — stick to my summary for his ideas, or buy an ebook copy, but just skim the stories if you do.
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Three stars out of five.